Социально-экономические детерминанты детской и подростковой смертности от внешних причин в Москве

  • Екатерина Дмитриевна Ветрова Московский Государственный Университет имени М.В. Ломоносова
Ключевые слова: детская смертность, социальная политика, региональная политика, внешние причины смерти, избыточная смертность, Москва

Аннотация

Детская и подростковая смертность в России превышает показатели стран-лидеров по ожидаемой продолжительности жизни. Существенный вклад в это вносит смертность от внешних причин. Опыт других стран показывает, что смертность от этого класса причин может быть значительно снижена при помощи мер социальной политики. В статье анализируется влияние социальных и экономических характеристик районов Москвы на смертность в них от внешних причин в детских и подростковых возрастных группах в 2016-2017 г. На основе данных Федеральной службы государственной статистики, ЦИАН, Базы данных показателей муниципальных образований, а также обезличенных данных ЗАГС Москвы были построены карты детской смертности Москвы и Tobit-модели оценки коэффициента смертности в зависимости от социальных характеристик района. Выявлено, что для младшей возрастной группы от 1 до 4 лет наиболее значимым фактором является присмотр родителей, для более старших групп 5-9 лет значимыми становятся показатели дохода и благополучия района. Для подростковых возрастов
10-15 лет помимо дохода значимыми являются уровень преступности в районе и уровень экономического неравенства.

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Опубликован
2021-10-22
Как цитировать
Ветрова, Е. Д. (2021). Социально-экономические детерминанты детской и подростковой смертности от внешних причин в Москве. Демографическое обозрение, 8(3), 124-148. https://doi.org/10.17323/demreview.v8i3.13269
Раздел
Оригинальные статьи