Межрегиональная миграция в России: возрастные особенности

  • Лилия Борисовна Карачурина Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая Школа Экономики» http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7760-7925
  • Никита Владимирович Мкртчян Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая Школа Экономики» http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9603-0594
Ключевые слова: возраст, миграция населения, межрегиональная миграция, возрастной профиль, регионы России

Аннотация

Статья посвящена анализу возрастной структуры внутренней миграции населения по регионам России. Базой для работы послужили данные о возрастном составе межрегиональных мигрантов в регионах России за 2011-2015 гг. в разрезе однолетних возрастных групп, а также о численности населения регионов России по однолетним группам. В анализе для группировки регионов применяли метод кластеризации (по показателю доли прибывших/выбывших в отдельных возрастных группах к общему числу мигрантов) регионов методом k-средних с использованием программы SPSS. Как и в других странах, пик интенсивности миграции приходится на молодые возраста, он связан с массовым получением высшего образования. Далее с увеличением возраста миграционная активность падает. Некоторые возрастные профили миграции содержат затем вторичный пик в ранних пожилых возрастах, сопряженных с выходом на пенсию, возможностями переезда на территории, более отвечающие запросам 50-60-летних людей, либо с возвратной миграцией. Анализ выявил значительные различия между российскими регионами по возрастному профилю межрегиональной миграции – как входящих потоков (прибытий), так и исходящих (выбытий). Основные отличительные признаки – степень выраженности молодежного пика, наличие иных возрастных пиков.

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Опубликован
2017-02-22
Как цитировать
Карачурина, Л. Б., & Мкртчян, Н. В. (2017). Межрегиональная миграция в России: возрастные особенности. Демографическое обозрение, 3(4), 47-65. https://doi.org/10.17323/demreview.v3i4.3205
Раздел
Аналитика