Динамика индекса массы тела российских мужчин и женщин: возраст–период–когорта

  • Андрей Валентинович Аистов Национальный Исследовательский Университет «Высшая Школа Экономики»
  • Екатерина Александровна Александрова Национальный Исследовательский Университет «Высшая Школа Экономики»
  • Фарида Габдулхаевна Гарипова Национальный Исследовательский Университет «Высшая Школа Экономики»
Ключевые слова: избыточная масса тела, здоровье населения, Россия, панельные данные, РМЭЗ НИУ ВШЭ

Аннотация

В работе представлены оценки индивидуальной динамики индекса массы тела (ИМТ) российских мужчин и женщин, выполненные на данных Российского мониторинга экономического положения и здоровья населения НИУ-ВШЭ 1994-2018 гг. Панельная структура данных позволила оценить индивидуальную динамику ИМТ без существенного вклада кросс-секционной составляющей в возрастной профиль ИМТ в рамках эконометрической модели возраст–период–когорта. Эмпирические оценки выявили монотонный рост ИМТ мужчин в 2001-2011 гг. В работе показано, что ИМТ женщин на протяжении жизни растет до 60 лет, мужчин – примерно до 40 лет. Выявлено также, что существует тенденция роста ИМТ в молодых поколениях мужчин. У женщин подобный рост сменяется спадом, начавшимся с поколения женщин 1950 г. рождения. Полученные в работе оценки профилей ИМТ мужчин и женщин в трех измерениях (возраст–период–когорта) могут служить целям совершенствования политики в области охраны здоровья населения.

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Опубликован
2021-03-30
Как цитировать
Аистов, А. В., Александрова, Е. А., & Гарипова, Ф. Г. (2021). Динамика индекса массы тела российских мужчин и женщин: возраст–период–когорта. Демографическое обозрение, 8(1), 44-80. https://doi.org/10.17323/demreview.v8i1.12393
Раздел
Оригинальные статьи