Международная миграция в России (СССР) в конце XIX – первой трети XX века. Часть вторая. Международная миграция в России в эпоху «великого кризиса» (1914-1922 гг.)

  • Валентина Михайловна Моисеенко Московский Государственный Университет им. М.В. Ломоносова
Ключевые слова: демографический кризис, пертурбация населения, принудительная миграция, беженцы, военнопленные, выселение, политическая эмиграция, белая эмиграция, депортация

Аннотация

Исследование международной миграции во второй части статьи охватывает 1914-1922 гг. Этот период вошел в историю России как «демографический кризис», пертурбация населения. Одна из особенностей этого периода состоит в резко возросшей роли принудительной миграции (выселения, беженцев, военнопленных и др.) и трансформации миграции из внутренней во внешнюю. После октября 1917 г. обострившийся интерес к международной миграции связан с распадом Российской империи и движением населения в страны Балтии, Польшу, Финляндию, а также с проведением жесткой, последовательной и твердой политики государства в отношении белой эмиграции. Поэтому уделяется большое внимание законодательству в области регулирования «белой» эмиграции, а также депортации из РСФСР (1922 г.), ставшей завершением политики в отношении эмиграции.

Скачивания

Данные скачивания пока не доступны.

Литература

A.E. (1930). Izgnanie. Entsiklopediya gosudarstva i prava [The ehile. Encyclopedia of state and law] / P. Stuchka, ed. Moscow: 71-75.

According to official materials)] // Obshchestvennyy vrach [Public doctor]. 4-5: 264-275.

Alehin M. (1934). Emigratsiya belaya [Emigration white] // Bol'shaya sovetskaya entsiklopediya [The Great soviet encyclopedia]. V.64 / O.U. Shmidt, ed. Moscow: 160-176.

Aseev M. (1923). K perelomu v optansko-repatriatsionnoy volne [Turning point in repatriational wave] // Vlast' Sovetov [The power of the Soviets]. 3: 75-76.

Bezhentsy v Ufe [Refugees in Ufa] (1918) // Vestnik Komissariata vnutrennikh del [Bulletin of the Commissariat of internal affairs]. 11: 13.

Blumenfeld M.L. (1917). Sanitarnoe sostoyanie zheltykh rabochikh v Rossii (Po ofitsial'nym materialam) [Sanitary conditions of the «yellow worker» in Russia (according to official materials)] // Obshchestvennyy vrach [Public doctor]. 4-5: 264-275.

Braude X. (1918). Evreyskoe naselenie g. Voronezha. Dannye perepisi 1917 goda [Jewish population in Voroneg city. Materials of the 1917 Census]. Moscow. 29 p.

Buldakov V.P. (2010). Krasnaya smuta: Priroda i posledstviya revolyutsionnogo nasiliya [Red disturbance: the nature and consequences of revolutionary violence]. Izd. 2-e., dop. [The 2nd ed., suppl.] Moscow: Rossiyskaya politicheskaya entsiklopediya (ROSSPEN); Fond «Prezidentskiy Tsentr B.N. El'tsina». 967 p.

Delo trudyashchikhsya vsegomira [Common affairs of working masses of the whole world] (1957). Fakty, dokumenty, ocherki o bratskoy pomoshchi i solidarnosti trudyashchikhsya zarubezhnykh stran s narodami Sovetskogo Soyuza [Facts, documents, essays about brotherly assistance to the people of the USSR]. Moscow. 386 p.

Denisenko M.B. (1997). Demograficheskiy krizis 1914-1922 gg. [Demographic crisis 1914-1922] // Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Ser. 18. Sotsiologiya i politologiya [Bulletin of Moscow state university. Series 18. Sociology and political science]. 2: 78-96.

Deyatel'nost' inostrannogo otdeleniya (Upravleniya delami Sibrevkoma) (1923). [Activity of the foreign department (administration of Sibrevcom)] (1923) // Zhizn' Sibiri [Life of Siberia]. 9-10: 62-65.

Evreyskoe naselenie Rossii po dannym perepisi naseleniya 1897 g. i po noveyshim istochnikam [Jewish population of Russia according materials the 1917 Census and new data] (1917). Petrograd. 76 p.

Felshtinskii U.G. (1990). K istorii nashey zakrytosti: Osnovy emigratsionnoy i immigratsionnoy politiki [To the history of our closure: foundations of emigration and immigration policy]. Moscow: Terra-Terra. 184 p.

Gantrel P. (2001). Refugees in the Russian Empire. 1914-1917. Population Displacement and Social Identity. Critical companion on the Russian revolution 1914-1921 / E. Acton, V.J. Cherniaev, W.A.G. Rosenberg, eds. London: 554-564.

Gorbunov A.V. (1922). Vliyanie mirovoy voyny na dvizhenie naseleniya Evropy [Influence of world war on the movement of population in Europe] // Russkiy evgenicheskiy zhurnal [Russian eugenic magazine]. 1.1: 39-63.

Gorev B. (1934). Emigratsiya politicheskaya [Political emigration] // Bol'shaya sovetskaya entsiklopediya [The Great soviet encyclopedia]. V.64 / O.U. Shmidt, ed. Moscow: 144-160.

Isupov V.A. (2000). Demograficheskie katastrofy i krizisy v Rossii v pervoy polovine XX veka. Istoriko-demograficheskie ocherki [Demographic catastrophes and crises in Russia during the first part of XX centиry. Historical - demographic sketches]. Novosibirsk: Sibirskiy khronograf. 244 p.

Kabuzan V.M. (1996). Russkie v mire: dinamika chislennosti i rasseleniya (1719-1989). Formirovanie etnicheskikh i politicheskikh granits russkogo naroda [Russian in the world: dynamics number and settlement (1719-1989). Formation of ethnical and political boundaries of Russian]. Saint-Petersburg: Rus.-Balt.-Inform.-Sentr. «Blic». 347 p.

Khodos M.R. (1922). Predvaritel'nye dannye o estestvennom dvizhenii naseleniya Kievskoy gubernii za vremya 1915-1920 gg. [Preliminary data about natural reproduction of population in Kievskoi province during 1915-1920] // Statisticheskiy byulleten' [Statistical bulletin]. 4-5: 179-185.

Khronika [Chronicle] (1917) // Izvestiya Vserossiyskogo komiteta dlya okazaniya pomoshchi postradavshim ot voyny [Bulletin of All-Russian Committee for assistance for victims of war]. 25: 11-13.

Khryasheva A. (1921). Krest'yanstvo v voyne i revolyutsii [Peasantry during the war and revolution]. Statistiko-ekonomicheskie ocherki [Statistical-economic sketches]. Moscow. 45 p.

Kurcev A.N. (1999). Bezhentsy Pervoy mirovoy voyny Rossii (1914-1917) [Refugees of the first world war in Russia (1914-1917)] // Voprosy istorii [Questions of history]. 8: 98-113.

Lencen I. (1998). Ispol'zovanie truda russkikh voennoplennykh v Germanii (1914-1918 gg.) [Utilization labour of Russian prisoners of war in Germany (1914-1918)] // Voprosy istorii [Questions of history]. 4: 129-137.

Lichareva L.N. (1998). Sud'ba bezhentsev Pervoy mirovoy voyny v Sovetskoy Rossii v 1920-1921 gg. [Destinity of refugees of the first world war in the Soviet Russia in 1920-1921] // Problemy istoricheskoy demografii i istoricheskoy geografii Tsentral'nogo Chernozem'ya i Zapada Rossii [Problems of historical demography and historical geography of Central Chernozemia and West Russia]. Materialy VI nauchnoy konferentsii. Lipetsk, 21-22 aprelya 1998 g. [Materials of VI scientific conference. Lipeck. 21-21 of april 1998]. Lipeck: 129-132.

Lubny-Gercek L.I. (1926). Dvizhenie naseleniya na territorii SSSR vo vremya mirovoy voyny i revolyutsii [Movement of population on the territory of the USSR during world war and revolution]. Moscow. 126 p.

M.I. (1919). Tsentral'naya kollegiya o plennykh i bezhentsakh, ee tekushchaya deyatel'nost' i budushchie zadachi [Central board about prisoners of war and refugees, its current activity and future problems] // Vlast' Sovetov [Power of Soviets]. 10: 23-25.

Michailovskii V. (1921). Vvedenie [Preface] // Trudy Tsentral'nogo Statisticheskogo upravleniya [Works of Central Statistical Office]. T.I. Vyp.3 [Vol.1. Is.3.]. Predvaritel'nye itogi perepisi naseleniya 28 avgusta 1920 goda. Naselenie 58 guberniy Evropeyskoy i Aziatskoy chasti Rossii [Preliminary results of the Census 28 August 1920. Population of 58 provinces European and Asian parts of Russia]. Moscow: 3-5.

Mysh M.I. (1915). K voprosu o rasshirenii cherty evreyskoy osedlosti [For the question about extending of the line of Jewish settlement] // Vestnik grazhdanskogo prava [Bulletin of civil law]. 16: 137-149.

Narodnyy Komissariat vnutrennikh del. 1917-1922 [People Commissariat of internal affair. 1917-1922] (1922) // Vlast' Sovetov [Power of Soviets]. 10: 58-71.

Nizhegorodskiy gubernskiy otdel Upravleniya (NKVD) [Nizhegorodskii province department of board (NKVD)] (1923) // Vlast' Sovetov [Power of Soviets]. 1-2: 89-90.

• pomoshchi bezhentsam [About assistance for refugees] (1918) // Vestnik Komissariata vnutrennikh del [Bulletin of the Commissariat of internal affairs]. 14. 4 p.

Obzor deyatel'nosti Tsentroevaka za vtoroe polugodie 1921 goda [Survey of activities of Centroevak for the second half of 1921] (1922) // Vlast' Sovetov [Power of Soviets]. 1-2: 45-48.

Odnodnevnaya perepis' bezhentsev iz Turtsii, Persii i iz mest, pogranichnykh s Turtsiey (armyan, aysorov, grekov i pr.). 1914-1915 [The one-day Census of refugees from Turkey, Percey and the places frontier with Turkey (Armenians, Aisorovs, Greeks and others)] (1915). Perepis' proizvedena 30 yanvarya 1915 g. [The 30 January 1915 Census]. Erevan. 83 p.

Ot redaktsii [From editorial staff] (1922) // Ekonomist. Vestnik XI Otdela Russkogo tekhnicheskogo obshchestva [Economist. Bulletin of the department of Russian technical society]. 1: 3-4.

Otchet Tsentroplenbezha za oktyabr' – noyabr' 1919 g. [Report of Centroplenbezha for period october-november 1919] (1920) // Vlast' Sovetov [Power of Soviets]. 1: 18-20.

Paperny L.L. (1926). Problemy narodonaseleniya s tochki zreniya marksistskoy sotsiologi [Population problems from the point of Marxist sociology]. Moscow-Leningrad. 182 p.

Polozhenie ob obespechenii nuzhd bezhentsev [Regulations on security of refugees needs] (1916) // Zakony i rasporyazheniya o bezhentsakh [Laws and decrees about refugees]. 1. Moscow: 3-7.

Prava i obyazannosti inostrantsev, optantov i bezhentsev po mezhdunarodnym dogovoram i soglasheniyam i po postanovleniyam Sovetskoy vlasti. S oktyabrya 1917 g. po oktyabr' 1921 g. [Rights and duties of foreigners, optantiers and refugees according international agreements and decrees of Soviet State. For period october 1917-october 1921] (1921). Petrograd. 80 p.

Rossiya v mirovoy voyne 1914 - 1918 goda (v tsifrakh) [Russia in the world war 1914-1918 (in figures)] (1925). Moscow. 108 p.

Rukovodyashchie polozheniya po ustroystvu bezhentsev [Leading regulations about refugees arrangement] (1925). Utverzhdeno 2 marta 1916 g. [Asserted in March 2 1916]. Petrograd. 16 p.

S.R. (1922). Administrativno-organizatsionnaya rabota NKVD [Administrative-organizational work of NKVD] // Vlast' sovetov [Power of Soviets]. 11-12: 55-56.

Sbornik ukazov i postanovleniy Vremennogo pravitel'stva [Collection of decrees and decisions of the Provisional Government] (1917). Is.1. 27 fevralya-5 maya 1917 g. [February 27-may 5 1917]. Petrograd. 557 p.

Scherbakov U.N. (1982). Iskry velikogo Oktyabrya: vklad internatsionalistov v revolyutsionnoe rabochee dvizhenie v stranakh Tsentral'noy i Yugo-Vostochnoy Evropy (1917-1921 gg.) [Sparks of Great October: contribution of internationalists in the revolutionary labour movement in the countries of Central and South-Eastern Europe (1917-1922)]. Мoscow. 288 p.

Sorokin P. (1992). Sovremennoe sostoyanie Rossii [Modern condition of Russia] / Podgotovka teksta i primechaniya V.V. Sapova [Preparation of the text and notes by V.V. Sapov] // Novyy mir [New world]. 4: 181-203.

SU (1916). Sobranie uzakoneniy i rasporyazheniy pravitel'stva, izdavaemye pri pravitel'tsvuyushchem senate. Otdel pervyy [The meeting of legalizations and orders of the government published at the governing Senate. The division first]. Petrograd.

SU (1917). Sobranie uzakoneniy i rasporyazheniy pravitel'stva, izdavaemye pri pravitel'tsvuyushchem senate [The meeting of legalizations and orders of the government published at the governing Senate]. Petrograd.

SU (1942). Sobranie uzakoneniy i rasporyazheniy pravitel'stva za 1917-1928 god [The collection of legalizations and orders of the government for 1917-1928 year]. Moscow.

SU (1942). Sobranie uzakoneniy i rasporyazheniy pravitel'stva za 1917-1928 god [The collection of legalizations and orders of the government for 1917-1928 year]. Moscow. 1197 p.

SU (1943). Sobranie uzakoneniy i rasporyazheniy pravitel'stva za 1917-1928 god [The collection of legalizations and orders of the government for 1917-1928 year]. Moscow.

Trudy vneocherednogo Pirogovskogo s"ezda po vrachebno-sanitarnym voprosa v svyazi s usloviyami nastoyashchego vremeni [Works of the extraordinary Pirogov congress about medical- sanitary questions at present time] (1917). Sektsiya II. Bor'ba s infektsionnymi zabolevaniyami. Bezhenstvo i ego rol' v rasprostranenii zaraznykh bolezney (Petrograd, 14-18 aprelya 1916 g.). Prilozhenie [Section 2. Struggle with infectious diseases. Refugees and their role in diffusion of infectious diseases (Petrograd. April 14-18 1916). Supplement] // Obshchestvennyy vrach [Public doctor]. 6-7-8: 64-85.

Tsirkulyarnye telegrammy Komissariata vnutrennikh del [Circular telegrams of the Commissariat of Internal Affairs] (1917). O vydache kazennogo payka bezhentsam [About distribution of government ration for refugees] // Vestnik Komissariata vnutrennikh del [Bulletin of the Commissariat of internal affairs]. 9: 4.

Turubiner A.M. (1923). Gosudarstvennyy stroy RSFSR. Konspekt lektsiy [Social system of RSFSR. Summary of lectures]. Moscow. 88 p.

Turubiner A.M. (1929). Grazhdanstvo [Citizenship] // Entsiklopediya gosudarstva i prava [Encyclopedia of state and law]. Vol.1 / P. Stuchka, ed. Moscow: 526-534.

Uchet bezhentsev [Сalculation of refugees] (1918) // Vestnik Komissariata vnutrennikh del [Bulletin of the Commissariat of internal affairs]. 10: 14.

Vinogradov S.A. (1998). Yugoslavskie voennoplennye avstro-vengerskoy armii v Rossii v 1914-1918 gg. [Ugoslavien prisoners of war of Austria-Hungary army in Russia in 1914-1918] // Novyy chasovoy [New sentry]. 6-7: 74-77.

Vodovozov V. (1922). Zapadnaya Evropa i Amerika posle voyny. Tsifry i fakty [Western Europe and America after the war. Facts and figures]. Peterburg. 208 p.

Volkov E.Z. (1930). Dinamika narodonaseleniya SSSR za vosem'desyat let [Dynamics of the USSR population during eighty years]. Predisl. S.G. Strumilina [Preface by S. G. Strumilin]. Moscow-Leningrad. 271 p.

Vserossiyskaya perepis' chlenov RKP 1922 goda [All-Russian census of the members of RKP in 1922] (1923). Vyp.4 [Is.4]. Sostav RKP (bol'shevikov) po itogam predvaritel'noy razrabotki [Structure of RKP (bolshevik) according results of preliminary elaboration]. Moscow. 47 p.

Vysylka vmesto rasstrela. Deportatsiya intelligentsii v dokumentakh VChK-GPU 1921-1923 [Exile instead of shooting. Deportation of intelligentsia according the documents of VCHK-GPU 1921-1923] (2005) / Vstup. st., sost. V.G. Makarova, V.S. Khritoforova; komment. V.G. Makarova [Introductory part and compil. by V.G.Makarova and V.S. Hristoforova; comments by V.G. Makarova]. Moscow: Russkiy put'. 544 p.

Zakony i rasporyazheniya o bezhentsakh (po 1 aprelya 1916 g.) [Laws and orders about refugees (till the april 1916)] (1916). Is.II. Moscow. 147 p.

Zdanov N.M. (1920). Russkie voennoplennye v mirovoy voyne 1914-1918 g. [Russian prisoners in war during the world war 1914-1918]. Ch. I, II, III [Parts I, II, III]. Moscow. 376 p.

Zelenin V.V. (1977). Pod krasnym znamenem Oktyabrya: yugoslavskie internatsionalisty v Sovetskoy Rossii 1917-1921 gg. [Under the red banner of the October: Yugoslavian internationalists in the Soviet Russia during 1917-1921]. Moscow. 253 p.

Zhurnal Osobogo soveshchaniya pri Stavke Verkhovnogo Glavnokomanduyushchego 23 iyunya 1915 goda [Journal of special conference of General Headquarters 23 June 1915] (1916). O merakh pri ochishchenii voyskami nekotorykh mestnostey Severo- i Yugo-Vostochnogo frontov [About clearing operation by armies of some places North- and South-Western fronts] // Zakony i rasporyazheniya o bezhentsakh (po 1 aprelya 1916 g.) [Laws and instructions about refugees (till the april 1916)]. 2. Moscow. 147 p.

Опубликован
2017-09-08
Как цитировать
Моисеенко, В. М. (2017). Международная миграция в России (СССР) в конце XIX – первой трети XX века. Часть вторая. Международная миграция в России в эпоху «великого кризиса» (1914-1922 гг.). Демографическое обозрение, 4(1), 98-123. https://doi.org/10.17323/demreview.v4i1.6990
Раздел
Историческая демография